Infertility Demystified

Infertility Demystified – How to know if you cannot get pregnant

Many times women face difficulty in getting pregnant due to infertility. Infertility is described as an attempt to be pregnant for at least one year without success. Infertility in Man or Woman or a combination of the two, affects millions of couples. Usually, 10 to 18 percent of couples find it difficult to get pregnant or have a successful delivery.

What causes Infertility?

There are many potential infertility causes. Seeing a doctor trained in infertility helps you to find out the causes of your issues. They also suggest the best treatment for you. In some cases, no known cause for infertility is found — this is called unexplained infertility. Unexplained infertility can be frustrating, but you can still try treatment options. Dr Sheetal Agarwal, a famous Gynecologist in Delhi would love to help you out.

Common Reasons for infertility in Women

  • Problem in ovulation
  • Poor egg quality
  • Fibroids in Uterine
  • Blocked fallopian tubes
  • Endometriosis

Common Reasons for infertility in Men

  • Untreated gonorrhoea
  • Low sperm count
  • Incorrect formation of sperm
  • Lack of sperm in semen

What Increases the risk of infertility?

  • Excessive use of drugs and alcohol
  • Injured testes or scrotum
  • Excessive smoking
  • Chemotherapy
  • History of pelvic inflammatory diseases

Essential Signs to know that you may have a fertility problem

You can always face early signs of infertility. Also, various risk factors make you more unlikely to get pregnant. Here are some of the signs and risks we are talking about.

1) Irregular Menstruation Cycles

When menstruation begins, it may be natural to have irregular periods. It also takes some time for the body to be regulated. However, periods should get regular once you’ve passed the teenage years. If they do not, your irregular cycle may be a red flag for problems with infertility and can be a precursor of ovulation.

2) Bleeding and Menstrual Cramps

Bleeding can be considered normal for three to seven days i.e., your period. Nevertheless, you should see the doctor if the bleeding is very light or very heavy and severe.


Specific symptoms associated with the time that suggest an issue of fertility include:

  • Uneven spotting between menstrual cycles
  • Major and painful menstrual cramps
  • Changes in the length of bleeding days
  • Heavy bleeding

3) If you are aged

Fertility rates decrease once you cross the age of 35. This happens both in men and women alike. In fact, in women, the risk of infertility peaks at age 35 and continues to increase over time. A woman aged 30 has a 20 percent chance of conceiving in any one month. While a woman aged 40 has a 5 percent chance of conceiving. Women over 35 also have a higher chance of experiencing a miscarriage.

As in women, male fertility is also affected by age. Research has found that sperm quality reduces your chances of having a child. It includes an increase in sperm damaged by DNA. Infertility can also be caused due to the transmission of genetic issues, and congenital disorders.

4) Weight

Your weight plays an essential part in your fertility. Being overweight — or underweight — can lead to conceiving trouble. Besides, obesity may be one of the most common causes of subfertility that can be avoided.

It has been found that men with a BMI below 20 have lower sperm production and sperm counts. Additionally, obese men have lower testosterone levels and lower sperm counts.

Talk to your doctor if you have trouble losing extra weight. Many hormonal infertility causes may lead to problems with weight. PCOS in women, for instance, increases your risk of obesity and is also a source of infertility.

5) Miscarriage Rate

A woman who has recurrent miscarriages, may also need help getting pregnant.

Miscarriage is becoming quite common, pertaining to the lifestyle we live today. It happens in 10 to 20% of pregnancies. Around one percent of women get three pregnancies miscarried in a row. Talk to your doctor if you have had two consecutive miscarriages. When booking an appointment with the doctor, book with Dr Sheetal Agarwal and ask everything you want to know about issues in your pregnancy.

Important tips to consider

Women planning to have a child must follow the below tips to optimize fertility:

1) Quit Smoking

Tobacco has several adverse effects on pregnancy, especially on fetus health. If you’re smoking and worried about parenting, stop smoking immediately.

2) Avoid Consumption of Alcohol

Heavy consumption of alcohol can result in lower fertility. And any use of alcohol will affect developing fetus health. When you plan to become pregnant, avoid alcohol.

3) Don’t take much stress

Several studies have shown that couples with psychological stress have poor outcomes with treatment for infertility. If you can, find a way in your life to reduce anxiety before you try to get pregnant.

4) Maintain Normal Weight

Women, if overweight or underweight, are at increased risk of disorders of ovulation. You need to include exercise in your daily routine if you need to lose weight and conceive with a lovely little loved one.

In a nutshell

If you are facing infertility issues, then talk to your doctor as soon as possible. She will run some infertility tests that will help you and her understand your situation well and thus, treat you quickly.

So, don’t waste your time anymore and visit Dr Sheetal Agarwal, a prominent Gynecologist having over 24 years of experience in this field. Book your appointment now and get the perfect solution for all your problems.

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